Catalysis

Catalysis, Chemical Engineering & Technology
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Gabriele Centi as Scientific Advisor. For a detailed Policy document of the Cluster on Catalysis see here. To cope with the challenging issue of promoting a sustainable and competitive catalysis-supported economy , the Cluster has as ambitious primary goals to foster :.

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To accomplish these goals in a rational and fruitful way, coordination of the Cluster on Catalysis with similar initiatives would be beneficial, in particular with the Clusters on i Raw materials, ii Modelling multiscale , iii Engineering and up-scaling, iv Environmental technologies and, less relevant, v water treatment. Catalysis is the most interdisciplinary and overarching technology in the chemical industry, because to perform a catalytic process requires controlling all the aspects over a multi-dimensional scale, from the molecular aspects of the reaction at the active site nm scale to the several meter scale of an industrial catalytic reactor Scheme 1.

Catalysis represents thus a true key technology for European economy, industry, growth and sustainable future.

Homogeneous Catalysis

Catalysis is the process of increasing the rate of a chemical reaction by adding a substance known as a catalyst which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction. Catalysis is a term describing a process in which the rate and/or the outcome of the reaction is influenced by the presence of a substance (the catalyst) that is not .

Catalysis is of paramount importance in the chemical industry and discloses new routes to sustainable and environmentally friendly green chemistry and processes. Though, in the short to medium term to , progresses in implementing incremental improvements and deploying best practice technologies BPT could provide substantial energy savings and emissions reductions compared to business as usual, in order to face the energy challenges of the forthcoming decades, a radical step change in management of energy consumption and GHG emissions is a compelling requirement.

Therefore, the most challenging endeavor in this framework is to explore a radical paradigm shift in addressing innovation in catalysis , and only a longsighted and visionary strategy can efficiently cope with this relevant issue. This strategy should enable the acquisition of the knowledge necessary to maintain the front-end capability in research in catalysis, in order to open new sustainable paths of production, resulting in a true innovation capacity able to turn the progressive loss of chemical manufacturing production in Europe.

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Imagine, for example, a world without ammonia fertilisers , plastics, catalytic convertors or the ability to synthesise fine-chemicals for healthcare solutions. Imperial, London. The principles of the heterogeneous catalyst are usually applied to this type of catalysts. Xiaodong Zhang Yang Yang I wait with impassion for the next conference and I look forward to similar cooperation and involvement in the upcoming event.

In this regard, catalysis-focused roadmaps identify two potential game changers :. To achieve this objective, we are studying two classes of catalytic reactions as a probe for these effects: 1 catalytic olefins upgrading dimerization and metathesis , and 2 catalytic non-oxidative dehydrogenation of light alkanes.

5. Enzymes and Catalysis

Importantly, the knowledge gained from these case studies will be broadly applicable to other reaction manifolds. In addition, multimetallic sub-nanometer nanoparticles have attractive properties in the context of thermal dehydrogenation; however, the mechanistic underpinnings for their increased activity and selectivity, as well as predictive principles for their precision synthesis remain under explored and is a primary focus in our program.

The Catalysis Science Program takes advantage of the unique synthesis and characterization techniques and instrumentation available at the Chemical Sciences and Engineering CSE division and Argonne user facilities including the Advanced Photon Source APS and Center for Nanoscale Materials CNM for elucidating the dynamic behavior of the catalysts under reaction conditions, and exploiting the chemical properties that influence catalyst performance. Computational quantum chemistry calculations for the development of activity-descriptor relationships to guide experiments are performed using the high-performance computing capabilities available at Advanced Leadership Computing Facility ALCF.